Prognostic Impact of Angiogenesis in Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer as Defined by Microvessel Density after Immunohistochemical Staining for CD34. - RIIP - Réseau International des Instituts Pasteur Access content directly
Journal Articles Ultrastructural Pathology Year : 2012

Prognostic Impact of Angiogenesis in Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer as Defined by Microvessel Density after Immunohistochemical Staining for CD34.

Abstract

Bladder cancer is the second most common malignancy of the urogenital region. The majority of bladder cancer deaths occur as a consequence of metastatic disease. Microvessel density (MVD), a surrogate marker for angiogenesis, has been shown to be predictive of progression and poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value and prognostic significance of angiogenesis in human non muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated by BCG immunotherapy. The frozen sections of 28 non muscle invasive bladder cancer specimens were stained with CD34 antibody to label the vascular endothelium using the standard streptavidin-biotin immunoperoxidase method. Angiogenic activity was measured using microvessel count determined by the expression of vascular markers CD34.The prognostic significance of tumor stage, grade, loci number, tumor size, age and CD34 expression in determining the risk for recurrence was studied with both univariate and multivariate methods of analysis. According to univariate analysis of the prognostic significance for tumor stage, grade, tumor size, loci number, age and CD34 expression, in patients with NMIBC, the pT1 stage and high grade seem to be associated in a statistically significant manner with higher risk for recurrence (P=0.004, P=0.004, respectively). In the other hand, multivariate Cox regression's analysis showed that microvessel density and multiplicity were independent predictor of recurrence after BCG immunotherapy (p=0.016, p=0.032, respectively). This study provides strong evidence that CD34 MVD is associated with recurrence after BCG immunotherapy. Independent studies, however, will be required on larger cohort to validate these findings.

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Cancer
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Dates and versions

pasteur-00733185 , version 1 (18-09-2012)

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Faouzia Ajili, Monia Kacem, Haifa Tounsi, Amine Darouiche, Emna Enayfer, et al.. Prognostic Impact of Angiogenesis in Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer as Defined by Microvessel Density after Immunohistochemical Staining for CD34.. Ultrastructural Pathology, 2012, epub ahead of print. ⟨10.3109/01913123.2012.672847⟩. ⟨pasteur-00733185⟩
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