Activity of subinhibitory concentrations of dapsone alone and in combination with cell-wall inhibitors against Mycobacterium avium complex organisms. - RIIP - Réseau International des Instituts Pasteur Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Year : 1993

Activity of subinhibitory concentrations of dapsone alone and in combination with cell-wall inhibitors against Mycobacterium avium complex organisms.

Abstract

MICs of dapsone (p-p'-diaminodiphenylsulfone) were determined radiometrically for ten strains each of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. MICs ranged from 50 to 250 micrograms/ml for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and from 2 to 100 micrograms/ml for MAC. However, at a concentration as low as 1.5 micrograms/ml dapsone significantly inhibited growth of MAC bacteria when used in combination with other drugs specifically acting at the mycobacterial cell-wall level. The latter drugs were used in subinhibitory concentrations, and included m-fluorophenylalanine (an inhibitor of mycoside-C biosynthesis), ethambutol (an inhibitor of arabinogalactan biosynthesis), and ethionamide (an inhibitor of mycolic acid biosynthesis). Using a radiometric method (Bactec 460-TB), the activity of dapsone was found to be enhanced for 2/10 strains in the presence of m-fluorophenylalanine, for 3/10 strains in the presence of ethambutol and for 5/10 strains in the presence of ethionamide. A satisfactory correlation between the radiometric data and bacterial viable counts was established.

Domains

Bacteriology

Dates and versions

pasteur-00925366 , version 1 (08-01-2014)

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Cite

N. Rastogi, K. S. Goh, V. Labrousse. Activity of subinhibitory concentrations of dapsone alone and in combination with cell-wall inhibitors against Mycobacterium avium complex organisms.. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 1993, 12 (12), pp.954-958. ⟨10.1007/bf01992173⟩. ⟨pasteur-00925366⟩
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