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Journal Articles Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention Year : 2014

Sexual partners, sexually transmitted infections, and prostate cancer risk.


The etiology of prostate cancer (PCa) is poorly understood. Sexual activity and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are among factors under scrutiny, with controversial findings to date. We examined the association between the number and gender of sexual partners, STIs and PCa risk in the context of PROtEuS, a population-based case-control study set amongst the mainly French-speaking population in Montreal, Canada. The study included 1590 histologically-confirmed PCa cases diagnosed in a Montreal French hospital between 2005 and 2009, and 1618 population controls ascertained from the French electoral list, Montreal residents, frequency-matched to cases by age. In-person interviews elicited information on sociodemographic, lifestyle and environmental factors. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) between sexually related factors and PCa risk, adjusting for age, ancestry, family history of PCa, and PCa screening history. Subjects with more than 20 sexual partners in their lifetime had a decreased risk of PCa (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.61-1.00) as did subjects who specifically had more than 20 female sexual partners (OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56-0.94). By contrast, having had several male sexual partners appeared to confer some excess in risk of PCa. No association emerged for history of STIs and PCa but STIs prevalence was low. Our findings are in support of a role for the number of sexual partners in PCa development. The gender of sexual partners should be taken into account in future studies investigating this association.
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pasteur-01136263 , version 1 (26-03-2015)



Andrea R Spence, Marie-Claude Rousseau, Marie-Élise Parent. Sexual partners, sexually transmitted infections, and prostate cancer risk.. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 2014, 38 (6), pp.700-7. ⟨10.1016/j.canep.2014.09.005⟩. ⟨pasteur-01136263⟩


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