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Journal Articles Accounts of Chemical Research Year : 2018

Development of Mannopyranoside Therapeutics against Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli Infections


Preventing bacterial adhesion to host cells is a provocative and alternative approach to traditional antibiotic treatments given the increasing microbial resistance. A brief overview of common antibiotic treatments is described in light of their respective resistance and remaining susceptibility. This strategy has been seriously considered in the context of adherent-invasive infections in Crohn's disease and urinary tract infections in particular. The adhesions of various pathogenic Escherichia coli strains to host cells are primarily mediated through carbohydrate-protein interactions involving bacterial organelles called fimbriae that can recognize specific glycoconjugate receptors on host cells. Of particular interest are the FimH and PapG fimbriae, which bind to mannosylated glycoproteins and glycolipids of the galabiose series, respectively. Therefore, blocking FimH- and PapG-mediated bacterial adhesion to uroepithelial cells by high-affinity carbohydrate antagonists constitutes a challenging therapeutic target of high interest. This is of particular interest since bacterial adhesion to host cells is a parameter unlikely to be the subject of bacterial mutations without affecting the carbohydrate ligand binding interactions at the basis of the recognition and infection processes. To date, there have been several families of potent FimH antagonists that include natural O-linked as well as unnatural analogues of α-d-mannopyranosides. These observations led to a thorough understanding of the intimate binding site interactions that helped to reveal the so-called "tyrosine gate mechanism" at the origin of the strong necessary interactions with sugar-possessing hydrophobic aglycones. By modification of the aglycones of single monosaccharidic d-mannopyranosides, it was possible to replace the natural complex oligomannoside structure by simpler ones. An appealing and successful series of analogues have been disclosed, including nanomolecular architectures such as dendrimers, polymers, and liposomes. In addition, the data were compared to the above multivalent architectures and confirmed the possibility of working with small sugar candidates. This Account primarily concentrates on the most promising types of FimH inhibitors belonging to the family of α-C-linked mannopyranosides. However, one of the drawbacks associated with C-mannopyranosides has been that they were believed to be in the inverted chair conformation, which is obviously not recognized by the E. coli FimH. To decipher this situation, various synthetic approaches, conformational aspects, and restrictions are discussed using molecular modeling, high-field NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray analysis. These combined techniques pointed to the fact that several α-C-linked mannopyranosides do exist in the required 4C1 chair conformation. Ultimately, recent findings in this growing field of interest culminated in the identification of drug candidates that have reached clinical phase I.


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pasteur-02136114 , version 1 (21-05-2019)



Leila Mousavifar, Mohamed Touaibia, René Roy. Development of Mannopyranoside Therapeutics against Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli Infections. Accounts of Chemical Research, 2018, 51 (11), pp.2937-2948. ⟨10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00397⟩. ⟨pasteur-02136114⟩


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